Les doutes et les tourments du majordome d’une grande famille anglaise qui, en 1956, après trente années de parfait service, se demande s’il n’a pas gaspillé sa vie.
The Daily Chronicle was founded in 1872. Purchased by Edward Lloyd for £30,000 in 1876, it achieved a high reputation under the editorship of Henry Massingham and Robert Donald, who took charge in 1904. Owned by the Cadbury family, with Laurence Cadbury as chairman, the News Chronicle was formed by the merger of the Daily News and the Daily Chronicle on 2 June 1930, with Walter Layton appointed as editorial director.
With the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, the paper took an anti-Franco stance and sent two correspondents, Arthur Koestler (to Málaga) and, later, Geoffrey Cox (to Madrid) in 1936. In 1956, the News Chronicle opposed the UK‘s military support of Israel in invading the Suez canal zone, a decision which cost it circulation. According to Geoffrey Goodman, a journalist on the newspaper at the time, it was « one of British journalism’s prime casualties of the Suez crisis ».
In 17 October 1960, the News Chronicle « finally folded, inappropriately, into the grip » of the right-wing Daily Mail despite having a circulation of over a million. The News Chronicle’s editorial position was considered at the time to be in broad support of the British Liberal Party, which was in marked contrast to that of the right-wing Daily Mail. As a result the News Chronicle ceased publication and the title was absorbed by the Daily Mail.
Notable contributors to the News Chronicle and its predecessors included:
- Stephen G. Barber – Foreign Correspondent, World War II, Greek Civil War, Korean War, Indochina, Cyprus Crisis, Sharpeville Massacre, decolonization in Africa. Also worked for the Daily Telegraph in India and Bureau Chief in Washington DC 1963-1980.
- Vernon Bartlett – diplomatic correspondent
- Stanley Bishop – Crime Reporter
- Ritchie Calder – Science Editor, who broke the story of the discovery of DNA structure in 1953.
- James Cameron – war correspondent
- G. K. Chesterton – weekly opinion column in the Daily News
- Norman Clark – War Correspondent, Foreign Editor
- Sir Arthur Conan Doyle – war correspondent for the Daily Chronicle during World War I
- Geoffrey Cox – war correspondent for the Spanish Civil War (in Madrid), former editor and chief executive of ITN began his career with the News Chronicle in 1932
- E. S. Dallas – Paris correspondent
- Philip Jordan – war correspondent, World War II
- Thomas Kettle – war correspondent for the Daily News during the early part of World War I
- Arthur Koestler – writer and war correspondent for the Spanish Civil War
- C. W. A. Scott – Aviation editor
- H. G. Wells – contributor to the Daily News
- 1930: Tom Clarke
- 1933: Aylmer Vallance
- 1936: Gerald Barry
- 1948: Robin Cruikshank
- 1954: Michael Curtis
- 1957: Norman Cursley
- Get Ahead: 1960s BBC TV programme sponsored by the paper.
- ^ a b c Liberal Democrat News 15 October 2010, accessed 15 October 2010
- ^ a b Dennis Griffiths (ed.) The Encyclopedia of the British Press 1492-1992, London and Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1992, p.437
- ^ a b Timeline of UK newspapers
- ^ a b c Obituary of Sir Geoffrey Cox The Times 4 April 2008
- ^ a b Geoffrey Goodman « Suez and Fleet Street », BBC News, 1 November 2006. Accessed: 3 May 2010
- ^ Stanley Bishop’s appearance on This Is Your Life Accessed 22 January 2012
- DMGT Associated Newspapers – www.dmgt.co.uk
- Concise History of British Newspaper in the 20th Century – www.bl.uk
- History of the Daily News – www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk
- History of the Daily Chronicle – www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk